In the first ever edition of The Sunday Times Rich List, published in 1989, he was ranked as the second richest person in the United Kingdom, with a fortune of £3.2 billion (approximately £8.02 billion in today's value) with only The Queen above him. He purportedly concealed a huge uncut emerald at the bottom of a crate of vegetables delivered to Chanel. , From his childhood and during his adult life he was known within family circles as "Bendor", which was also the name of the racehorse Bend Or owned by his grandfather the first Duke, which won The Derby in 1880, the year following his grandson's birth. The Duke of Westminster married Natalia Ayesha Phillips, the daughter of Lt-Col. Harold Pedro Joseph Phillips and his wife Georgina Wernher, in 1978. Lady Constance Sutherland-Leveson-Gower, 6. In April 2000, the firm moved into new London offices. - 5th ed. "His anti-Semitic rants were notorious", according to a biographer of Coco Chanel.  However, in October 2013, he was named a godfather to Prince George of Cambridge. After developing the two parts of Central London, the family business expanded. Whilst attached to the Cheshire Yeomanry he developed a prototype Rolls-Royce Armoured Car for their use. Grosvenor and his sisters were educated at a local state primary school, followed by a small private day school, Mostyn House School, near the family home of Eaton Hall, Cheshire. - Rostov-on-Don: Phoenix, 2010 .-- 320 p. - (Pushkin's muses). During their 1916 campaign in Egypt, as part of the Western Frontier Force under General William Peyton, the Duke (then a major) commanded the armoured cars of the regiment and took part in the destruction of a Senussi force at the Action of Agagia on 26 February 1916. The king was horrified, supposedly saying, "I thought men like that shot themselves. Through his mother, he is descended from the Romanov imperial family of Russia, the Russian writer Alexander Pushkin and his wife Natalia Nikolayevna Goncharova, as well as from the latter's great-grandfather—African freed slave turned Russian nobleman Abram Petrovich Hannibal.  He is buried in the family plot at St Mary's Church, Eccleston. He was subsequently promoted colonel and on 26 May 1917, he was named honorary colonel of the regiment. The Duke became Deputy Commander Land Forces (Reserves) in May 2011. It is 1 mile south of the village of Eccleston, in Cheshire, England. After Coco Chanel he was fascinated by the Brazilian Aimée de Heeren who was not interested in marrying him and to whom he gave significant jewellery, once part of the French Crown Jewels. The Duke was President of the BLESMA from 1992, and the Yeomanry Benevolent Fund from 2005, national Vice-President of the Royal British Legion from 1993, and the Reserve Forces' Ulysses Trust from 1995, the Not Forgotten Society from 2004, and Chairman of the Nuffield Trust for the Forces of the Crown from 1992, all until his death. She outlived him by fifty years.. The Grosvenor family's first development was in Mayfair, Central London, in the early 18th century; the second big development came around 100 years later and was in another exclusive part of London – Belgravia, developed by the family after the end of Napoleonic Wars and the conversion of Buckingham Palace – which is just one mile East. This mission as planned ultimately met with failure, as Churchill had no interest. The couple were unable to have children and divorced in 1947 after several years of separation. He was Chairman of the property company Grosvenor Group. The title is now held by Hugh Grosvenor, 7th Duke of Westminster.  He retired from the Armed Forces in 2012. Source: Cherkashina, L. Natalia Goncharova: a happy marriage. He was described as "a pure Victorian who had eyes for his shotgun, his hunters, his dogs … a man who enjoyed hiding diamonds under the pillow of his mistresses …"  He was also prompt to seek military service when war broke out, volunteering to fight as a front-line officer in both the Boer War and the First World War. His early education was in Northern Ireland before he was sent at age 7 to boarding school at Sunningdale, followed by Harrow. Major General Gerald Cavendish Grosvenor, 6th Duke of Westminster, KG, CB, CVO, OBE, TD, CD, DL (22 December 1951 – 9 August 2016), was a British landowner, businessman, philanthropist, Territorial Army general, and peer.  He was promoted to the acting rank of major on 1 January 1985 and to the substantive rank on 22 December.. , On 16 February 1901, the Duke married Constance Edwina (Shelagh) Cornwallis-West (1876–1970). He was Vice-President of the Royal Engineers Music Foundation 1990–94.  In 2004, he was appointed to the new post of Assistant Chief of the Defence Staff (Reserves and Cadets), with promotion in the rank of major-general. After a troubled education, he left school with two O-levels. Honorary Colonel Northumbrian Universities, This page was last edited on 3 September 2020, at 16:23. "I hope," Duff spat, "that by tomorrow he will know that we are his most implacable and remorseless enemies". , After university, Grosvenor (at the time Earl Grosvenor) worked in estate management at Wheatsheaf Investment from 2013 to 2014, and the Grosvenor Group from 2014 to 2015, before becoming Accounts Manager at Bio-bean, a green energy company, in January 2016. Hugh Richard Louis Grosvenor, 7th Duke of Westminster (born 29 January 1991), styled as Earl Grosvenor until August 2016, is a British aristocrat, billionaire, businessman, and owner of Grosvenor Group. However, the chief jailor responsible for the snail diet, a Moslem cleric nicknamed "Holy Joe", was hanged to general approval. Committee member, North American Advisory Group, President, Life Education Centre (Drug Prevention), 2000–12, Vice-President, Royal Smithfield Club, 2004 until death, Lady Tamara Katherine Grosvenor (b. Hugh Richard Louis Grosvenor is a descendant of the Hetman of Ukraine Petro Doroshenko through Natalia Nikolayevna Goncharova. when he [the Duke of Westminster] added that Hitler knew after all that we were his best friends, he set off the powder-magazine. According to his Times obituary (21 July 1953), "he was busy up to the day of his death in great schemes of afforestation in Cheshire, in the Lake District, and in Scotland. Hugh Richard Arthur Grosvenor, 2nd Duke of Westminster, GCVO, DSO was a British landowner and one of the wealthiest men in the world. On 14 March 1916, he led the armoured cars on a daring raid against superior forces that destroyed the enemy camp at Bir Asiso. , From 2011 to 2013, he studied countryside management at Newcastle University, graduating with a Bachelor of Science degree with upper second-class honours. The Duke and his family are estimated to be worth £10.1 billion (US$13 billion), according to the Sunday Times Rich List in May 2019. 17 April 2012). Via Grosvenor Estates, the business he inherited along with the dukedom in 1979, the Duke was the richest property developer in the United Kingdom and one of the country's largest landowners, with property in Edinburgh, Liverpool, Oxford, Cambridge, Southampton and Cheshire, including the family's country seat of Eaton Hall, as well as 300 acres (0.47 sq mi) of Mayfair and Belgravia in Central London. He became Duke of Westminster on 9 August 2016, on the death of his father Gerald Grosvenor. His romantic liaison with Chanel lasted ten years.  This wealth is held in a trust, of which Grosvenor is a beneficial owner but not the legal owner—an arrangement that received considerable press attention, owing to the inheritance tax exemption it confers. He became Duke of Westminster at the age of 25, following the death of his father on August 9, 2016, aged 64. She is the great-great-granddaughter of the famous Ukrainian Hetman.. His sisters include Lady Edwina Grosvenor, a prison reformer and philanthropist. , In 2011, having already funded a feasibility study, the Duke purchased the estate at Stanford Hall, Nottinghamshire, to make possible the creation of a Defence and National Rehabilitation Centre (DNRC) to provide the highest quality support for military casualties. He was the son of Victor Grosvenor, Earl Grosvenor, son of the 1st Duke of Westminster, and Lady Sibell Lumley, the daughter of the 9th Earl of Scarborough. The prisoners attempted to stop the killings but failed. The family business started developing in Australia in the 1960s. The title then passed to his son, Hugh. , His ancestral country estate in Cheshire, the 54-bedroom Eaton Hall, consisted of 11,000 acres (45 km2) of parkland, gardens and stables. , Hugh Richard Louis Grosvenor is the third child and only son of Gerald Grosvenor, 6th Duke of Westminster, and his wife Natalia (née Phillips). 20 December 1979), married Edward van Cutsem (son of, Jake Louis Hannibal van Cutsem (b. They had subsisted on little more than the snails in which the region abounded, but said their captors had not been overly cruel. , Like many of his social class who were born to lives of privilege, the Duke was often occupied in the pursuit of pleasure. Lady Viola Georgina Grosvenor (b.  His depression worsened after reports in newspapers that he had employed the services of prostitutes. In the First World War the Duke volunteered for front-line combat and served with distinction, showing both initiative in battle and technical skill with motor-cars. The Duke was known for multiple love affairs and spectacular presents.  The Duke received the DSO for his exploits. , That the Grosvenor family stood to pay very little, if any, inheritance tax on his £9bn+ fortune led to calls for a review of how the inheritance of trust funds and similar assets are handled in the UK. Their children are: In 1998, the Duke suffered a nervous breakdown and depression, citing the overwhelming pressures of business and public life. He was the son of Robert Grosvenor, 5th Duke of Westminster, and Viola Lyttelton. He was Director of the International Students Trust from 1976 until 1993, Pro-Chancellor of Keele University from 1986 until 1993, Chancellor of Manchester Metropolitan University from 1992 until 2002, and first appointed Chancellor of the University of Chester in 2005, serving until his death. Unhappy at boarding school, his education suffered. Duke of Westminster, world's richest man under 30, donates £12.5m to coronavirus relief effort Hugh Grosvenor has already donated £2.5m but is … He subsequently invested in land in South Africa and Rhodesia, and visited the colony with his wife in late 1902.. Promoted to lieutenant-colonel on 1 April 1992, he subsequently commanded the North Irish Horse, the Cheshire Yeomanry Squadron, founded by his ancestors, and the Queen's Own Yeomanry. According to The Sunday Times Rich List in 2016, the Duke was worth £9.35 billion, placing him sixth in the list and making him the third-richest British citizen. , Upon his father's death, in August 2016, as well as the peerages, he inherited a wealth then estimated at £9 billion, with considerable trust funds for his sisters. After a brief visit back home, he returned in February 1900 to serve with the Imperial Yeomanry, as an ADC to Lord Roberts and Lord Milner. Grosvenor House was later leased to the United States for use as the American Embassy. Harriet Tomlinson and the Duke of Westminster, Hugh Grosvenor via The Daily Mail Widely thought to be the ‘most eligible bachelor in the land’ , the as yet unmarried Duke – known as ‘Hughie’ – is hot property, with his wealth estimated at a staggering … Hugh Richard Louis Grosvenor, 7th Duke of Westminster, is the son of the late Gerald Cavendish Grosvenor, 6th Duke of Westminster and his wife Natalia Ayesha Grosvenor, the dowager Duchess of Westminster. On 1 April 1908, he was named honorary lieutenant-colonel of the 16th Battalion, the London Regiment, a post he held until 1915. , As the Earl Grosvenor he joined the Territorial Army in 1970, as a trooper, family estate responsibilities having caused him to abandon a Regular Army career in the 9th/12th Lancers. Major General His Grace The Duke of Westminster KG, CB, CVO, OBE, TD, CD, DL Photographed by Allan Warren in 1997 Member of the House of Lords Lord Temporal In office 19 February 1979 – 11 November 1999 Hereditary Peerage Personal details Born Gerald Cavendish Grosvenor 22 December 1951 Omagh, County Tyrone, Northern Ireland Died9 August 2016 Preston, Lancashire, England SpouseNatalia Phillips ChildrenLady Tamara Grosvenor Lady Edwina Grosvenor Hugh Grosvenor, 7th Duke of Westminster Lad… Hugh Richard Louis Grosvenor, 7th Duke of Westminster (born 29 January 1991), styled as Earl Grosvenor until August 2016, is a British aristocrat, billionaire, businessman, and owner of Grosvenor Group. She and her husband, the prominent Conservative Duff Cooper, were lunching at London's Savoy Grill with the Duke of Westminster. He was a member of the MCC and Royal Yacht Squadron and President of Worcestershire County Cricket Club in 1984–86 and of the Youth Sports Trust 1996–2004. He reportedly hoped to ruin the Liberal Party through Beauchamp. His wife is a descendant of the Russian poet Alexander Sergeyevich Pushkin and therefore of his African ancestor Abram Gannibal as well as of King George II. He entered the Royal Military Academy, Sandhurst, and served in the Territorial Army, where he was promoted to major-general in 2004. As a nineteen year old, he briefly attended a French boarding school run by the Count de Mauny, who was rumoured to have made sexual advances towards some of its pupils. , The Duke was also Director of Claridge's Hotel from 1981 until 1993, and of Marcher Sound from 1992 until 1997. 12 October 1992). , His large estate attracted then-record death duties of £18m, which took between July 1953 and August 1964 to pay off to the Inland Revenue..  After entering RMA Sandhurst in 1973, he passed out as an officer cadet and was commissioned a second lieutenant in the Territorial and Army Volunteer Reserve of the Royal Armoured Corps (Queen's Own Yeomanry) on 13 May 1973. Next day "Bendor", telephoning to a friend, said that if there was a war it would be entirely due to the Jews and Duff Cooper. The business was headed by the 6th Duke himself, who was Chairman of the Trustees.  He left school with two O-levels in history and English. , Sorted by (historical) entity at time of grant, Alexander Petrovich Doroshenko(son of Petro Doroshenko) was the father of Ekaterina Alexandrovna (1720—? The name is a jovial reference to the ancient lost and much lamented former armorials of the family: Azure, a bend or, which were awarded to the Scrope family in the famous case of 1389 heard before the Court of Chivalry, known as Scrope v Grosvenor. The house is surrounded by its own formal gardens, parkland, farmland and woodland.  A private funeral attended by close relatives was held on 12 August, and a memorial service was held at Chester Cathedral on 28 November. , As a child the Duke lived on an island in the middle of Lower Lough Erne in Ulster (Ely Lodge, Blaney, County Fermanagh). Eaton Hall is the country house of the Duke of Westminster. , The Duke died on 9 August 2016 at Royal Preston Hospital in Preston, Lancashire, after suffering a heart attack at his Abbeystead Estate. Hugh Richard Arthur Grosvenor, 2nd Duke of Westminster, GCVO, DSO (familiarly "Bendor"; 19 March 1879 – 19 July 1953) was a British landowner and one of the wealthiest men in the world. , Robert Grosvenor, 5th Duke of Westminster, Assistant Chief of the Defence Staff (Reserves and Cadets), Officer of the Order of the British Empire, Military and Hospitaller Order of St Lazarus of Jerusalem, National Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Children, Knight Grand Cross of the Order of Saint Lazarus, Knight Grand Cross of the Royal Order of Francis I, Richard Grosvenor, 2nd Marquess of Westminster, John Cavendish Lyttelton, 9th Viscount Cobham, List of dukes in the peerages of Britain and Ireland, Westminster City Council v Duke of Westminster, "Billionaire landowner and close friend of Prince Charles the Duke of Westminster dies aged 64 after sudden illness", "The Annual RPI and Average Earnings for Britain, 1209 to Present (New Series)", "Grosvenor announces senior management appointments", "Desert Island Discs, Duke of Westminster", "New Duke of Westminster inherits £9bn fortune aged 25", "Stanford Hall: £300m military rehab centre work starts", "Duke of Westminster's Stanford Hall dream still going ahead", "DNRC homepage film – Duke of Westminster interview from 0:28", "Lady Edwina Grosvenor's fight for prisoners", "Prince George christened; William and Kate name seven godparents", "Billionaire landowner Duke of Westminster dies", "Duke of Westminster died of heart attack, coroner's office confirms", "Private funeral held for Duke of Westminster", "Duke of Westminster's untimely death came out of the blue", "Duke's £9bn inheritance prompts call for tax overhaul", "Inheritance tax, and how the Dukes of Westminster avoid it on their £9bn fortune", https://www.keele.ac.uk/media/keeleuniversity/sas/governancedocs/HONORARY%20DEGREES%20List%20July%202017.pdf, "Key figures awarded Honorary Degrees and Fellowship", contributions in Parliament by the Duke of Westminster, Robert Grosvenor, 1st Marquess of Westminster, Hugh Grosvenor, 3rd Marquess of Westminster, William Grosvenor, 3rd Duke of Westminster, Gerald Grosvenor, 4th Duke of Westminster, Gerald Grosvenor, 6th Duke of Westminster, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Gerald_Grosvenor,_6th_Duke_of_Westminster&oldid=976554820, Graduates of the Royal Military Academy Sandhurst, Officers of the Order of the British Empire, People associated with the University of Chester, Knights Grand Cross of the Royal Order of Francis I, Knights of Justice of the Order of St John, National Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Children people, Pages containing London Gazette template with parameter supp set to y, Articles with unsourced statements from April 2020, Wikipedia articles with WorldCat identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, 14. -, Gerald Grosvenor, 6th Duke of Westminster, "Rich List 2019: who is Hugh Grosvenor, the UK's youngest billionaire? The first substantial house was built in the 17th century. They had three children:. The main residence had its walls hung with master works, paintings by Goya, Rubens, Raphael, Rembrandt, Hals, and Velázquez. Richard Lumley, 9th Earl of Scarbrough, Lady Ursula Mary Olivia Grosvenor (21 February 1902.   He is the world's richest person aged under 30. An avid participant in the hunting life, the Duke owned lodges reserved for the sport in Scotland and France (the Château Woolsack). , Despite his poor educational attainments, Westminster was given several honorary degrees and fellowships (listed below) in later life and took an outward looking interest in youth. In 1925, he was introduced to Gabrielle ("Coco") Chanel after a party in Monte Carlo and pursued her. The Duke died on 9 August 2016 after suffering a heart attack. He was awarded Full Colours in Football, and, as a member of the School's Combined Cadet Force, he obtained a BTEC First Diploma in Public Services with Distinction. Codenamed "Operation Modellhut", it was an attempt through the British Embassy in Madrid, via Chanel, to influence Churchill, and thereby persuade the British to negotiate a separate peace with Germany.
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